National Union of Public Service & Allied Workers Union (NUPSAWU) obo Mani and Others v National Lotteries Board

Case No. Lower Court Judgments Hearing Date Judgment Date Majority Author  Vote
CCT 75/13  Labour Court Johannesburg, 3 February 2011
Supreme Court of Appeal, 24 May 2013
19 Nov. 2013 10 Apr. 2014  Zondo J  6-3

By Greg Palmer and Duncan Wild on 12 April 2014

This case concerns an appeal by the National Union of Public Service & Allied Workers Union (“NUPSAWU“) against the decision of the Labour Court in terms of which the dismissal of ten employees of the National Lotteries Board (“NLB“) was found to be procedurally and substantively fair. Reinstatement of the employees was sought by NUPSAWU.  The Constitutional Court, in a majority decision by Zondo J, overturned the decision of the Supreme Court of Appeal and ordered that the employees be re-instated

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National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals v Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries and Others

Case No. Lower Court Judgments Hearing Date Judgment Date Majority Author Vote
CCT 120/12
North Gauteng High Court, 15 Nov. 2012 19 Mar. 2013
11 July 2013 Zondo J. Unanimous

By Duncan Wild on 22 July 2013

The National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (“NSPCA“) brought an application to have sections 2 and 3 of Performing Animals Protection Act 24 of 1935 declared unconstitutional, because the sections grant Magistrates the power to license the “exhibiting and training” of performing animals or guard dogs.  The NSPCA says it is an executive function to perform acts such as licensing, and not the judiciary’s, and so the sections infringe the principle of separation of powers enshrined in the Constitution and should be set aside.  The High Court agreed with the NSPCA and declared the sections unconstitutional.  The Constitutional Court confirmed this finding of unconstitutionality in a judgment authored by Justice Zondo. The primary basis for the finding was that the allocation of this executive type function to the judicial branch was an unjustifiable infringement of the separation of powers.

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Rademan v Moqhaka Municipality and Others

Case No.
Lower Court Judgments Hearing Date Judgment Date Majority Author
CCT 41/12
Free State High Court, 2 Sep. 2010
SCA, 1 Dec. 2011
5 Feb. 2013
26 Apr. 2013 Zondo J. Unanimous

Ms Olga Rademan lives within the Moqhaka Municipality (“the Municipality“), and refused to pay taxes and levies on her property.   She is a member of the Moqhaka Rate Payers’ and Residents’ Association to which she pays the amount due in respect of property rates. She had however paid the Municipality what was due for services, including electricity.  On 17 August 2009, Ms Rademan’s electricty supply was cut off by the municipality. 

Ms Rademan brought an urgent application before the Kroonstaad magistrate’s court for the restoration of her electricity supply and this was granted. The Municipality appealed to the High Court, and the High Court overturned the Magistrate’s decision finding that the Municipality was within its rights to disconnect Ms Rademan’s electricity. The Supreme Court of Appeal agreed with the High Court, and Ms Rademan appealed to the Constitutional Court. 

Justice Zondo, writing for the Court, held that the legislative framework applicable to the dispute at hand did allow the Municipality to amalgamate the different accounts for services rendered (like water, electricity, waste management) into one consolidated account.  The effect of this debt consolidation is that the non-payment of any portion of the account causes the ratepayer to be in arrears on the entire consolidated debt and the Municipality is resultantly entitled to reduce or withhold the delivery of services such as electricity.  In essence, the Constitutional Court held that a ratepayer cannot choose which of the municipal service they pay.  Accordingly, the Constiutional Court found that Ms Rademan’s account was in arrears, and that the Municipality was entitled to discontinue the supply of electricity to her household. Continue reading

Hattingh and Others v Juta

Case No. Lower Court Judgments Hearing Date Judgment Date Majority Author Vote
CCT 50/11 Stellenbosch Magistrate’s Court, 10 May 2010
Land Claims Court, 30 Mar. 2011
SCA, 30 May 2012
6 Nov. 2012
14 Mar. 2013 Zondo  J.  Unanimous

The Constitutional Court in a unanimous judgment authored by Zondo J upheld an eviction order that was granted to Mr Juta, the respondent, for the eviction of the three applicants.  The Court was called upon to interpret section 6(2)(d) of the Extension of Security of Tenure Act 62 of 1997 (“ESTA“), and determine whether that provision precludes the eviction of the applicants.  ESTA also seeks to provide a constitutional balance between two competing constitutional rights.  On the one hand, the owner’s right to property and, and the occupiers right of access to housing.  The parties agreed that the Mr Juta was entitled to the eviction order except in so far as section 6(2)(d) of ESTA is applicable.    Continue reading